Source: Finance Derivative
By Martin Rehak, CEO & Founder at Resistant AI
To believe or not to believe—the dilemma facing insurers dealing with increased digital document fraud
Fraud continues to be a serious threat to the insurance industry, rising by 73% in 2021 according to Kingsley Napley. In the face of the unprecedented challenges of the pandemic, insurers have continued to try to thwart insurance fraudsters in order to protect honest customers.
Contributing to this fraudulent scenario are so-called “deepfakes”—sophisticated forgeries of still or video images or audio recordings made with the aid of artificial intelligence (AI) technology. But while these have become increasingly prevalent in fraudulent insurance claims, the insurance industry is now seeing more of what are called “shallowfakes”.
Once limited to a social media novelty, deepfake and shallowfake fraud has emerged as a formidable threat to the insurance industry, which already suffers from over US$80 billion in annual fraud in the US alone.
The difference between deepfakes and shallowfakes is that while deepfakes require AI to create them, shallowfakes can be created using basic photo editing software, such as Photoshop. The term “shallow” might imply that they are less threatening than their deepfake counterparts. But the fact that they do not require deep AI/machine learning methods to create them means that shallowfakes can be made and deployed easier and faster—for that reason, shallowfakes are presenting a more immediate fraud risk to insurers.
Insurance fraud can range from a person providing false information to an insurance company in order to get cover on more favourable terms, or faking motor vehicle, commercial, household or other personal insurance claims.
In these and other fraud scenarios, shallowfakes can include:
- False proof of identity or address – including photo ID documents such as driving licences, passports, national insurance cards, utility bills and bank statements
- Fake supporting evidence – any evidence required to support a claim or transaction, such as invoices for services, contracts and agreements, no claims discount certificates, or expert reports
Of course, the problem of altered digital media is not entirely new to the insurance industry. Photo editors began to proliferate many years ago and, in fact, altered photos that falsely inflate claims have been a leading concern among insurers in tackling fraud.
What is new is the scale of the problem: it’s not uncommon to find the same document being reused tens or even hundreds of times with just name, account, and address altered, effectively creating as many fake identities from a single template. This was the case of a single Canadian passport which was reused and submitted over 2,500 times in the space of 20 days — with one day clocking in over 400 submissions, each with subtle changes in name, address, and even hairstyle on the portrait to avoid detection.
While there have been some moves to reduce shallowfake fraud, the pace of touchless automation—in the form of self-service transactions and straight-through processing (STP)—has been fast and furious. Undoubtedly, the global pandemic has aided the transition to self-service since it was a natural fit for claims reporting during lockdowns.
At the same time, this has increased dependency on customer-supplied photos for settling claims—an excellent opportunity for shallowfakes as the risk of fraud from altered, manipulated or synthetic photos significantly increases.
The past couple of years have shown that touchless claims (and underwriting) transactions are here to stay, and the way digital media can be compromised has become more elaborate. As a result, proactively taking steps to implement automated fraud prevention technology to tackle shallowfakes is quickly becoming an important consideration for protecting insurers’ business.
Using AI to detect shallowfakes
While shallowfakes don’t require AI to create them, AI can significantly increase the chances of detecting them. The use of AI solutions—combined with human instinct, attention to detail, and awareness and knowledge to check the validity of what is being processed—can prove a win-win for detecting fraudulent documentation.
Having AI-powered detection built into a claims process is one way of stopping fraud and increasing accurate claim handling. Without any ability to check, for example, the authenticity of photos, damages might be exaggerated, and insurers will ultimately pay for losses that are either entirely false or inflated.
The pace of claims automation is far exceeding the pace of automated fraud prevention, which is opening new risks as well as new opportunities. Some insurance companies may be willing to risk fraud vulnerabilities in return for cost savings elsewhere and an improved customer experience. That is a fine balance that they need to strike.
In the light of increased shallowfake activity, it has become increasingly necessary for the insurance companies to pay closer attention to the documentation being submitted for claims, where fraudsters may use shallowfakes to claim for large sums of money they are not entitled to.
Document scrutiny can be significantly enhanced with AI-based “document forensics” to find fraud that the human eye can’t see in insurance claims, and verify the authenticity of digital documents.
Matt Gilham, Head of Enterprise Fraud, Esure, recently quoted: “Insurance organisations are accelerating their adoption of digital technologies to better service customers and claims. As digitalisation and speed of processing increases, vulnerabilities are created that, if left unchecked, can be exploited by tech savvy fraudsters. The problem with shallowfakes stems from the ease with which digital documents and images can be manipulated using readily available tools. The subtlety of shallowfake alterations makes them increasingly difficult, and often impossible, to track visually. As the manipulation of digital documents becomes more prominent, AI automation technology is a vital aid in the identification of, and defence against, shallowfakes. This enables faster and more efficient insurance processing, while also stepping up defences against fraudulent abuse.”
A direct threat
By their very nature, shallowfakes are a direct threat to the accuracy of information relating to any individual in the existing digital environment. However, the threat that they pose will only increase as our interactions with the metaverse increase, given that there will be more opportunities for their use.
The cost of inaction to the insurance industry may be high. In all likelihood, few if any insurance firms have yet addressed the growing threat posed by shallowfakes. Yet it should be a high priority for them—without immediate action being taken to mitigate the impact of shallowfakes, they could be a threat that is hard to stop.
Leveraging Technology for Sustainable Logistics and ESG Compliance
by Will Lovatt, General Manager and Vice President, Deposco Europe
A growing number of consumers are demanding packaging that is sustainable and environmentally friendly.. Consultancy, McKinsey, recently launched a survey to explore people’s attitudes to the topic across 11 countries worldwide. In all surveyed countries and across end-use areas, the majority of respondents claim to be willing to pay more for sustainable packaging,
Of course, features and functions remain important, but the sustainability and ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) aspects of the logistics process are becoming increasingly significant in consumers’ purchasing decisions. The entire supply chain, including the sourcing of raw materials, manufacturing processes, packaging, delivery methods, return policies, labour practices, and initiatives for regeneration, is under scrutiny. Today’s informed consumers are making deliberate choices, favouring brands and delivery services that align with their values on these fronts. Therefore, it’s essential for brands to not only maintain high standards of service but also to provide a variety of delivery options. This range should cater to immediate needs as well as offer solutions like batched deliveries at convenient pick-up points, catering to the growing demand for flexibility and sustainability in the shopping experience.
Regulation and risk management
Consumers are undoubtedly a driving force in ESG-focused logistics transformation, but businesses must also meet a growing number of regulations that are driving the need for ESG considerations in the logistics sector. For example, the European Union’s Sustainable Products Action Plan includes several requirements for businesses to provide information about the environmental impact of their products. Now, we expect regulators to be closely monitoring final mile delivery and whether zero emissions vehicles are being utilised, at least within urban areas.
From a risk management standpoint, ESG considerations are critical. Neglecting ESG risks exposes businesses to reputational harm, financial penalties, and legal repercussions. Today’s consumer sentiment is such that unsustainable logistics practices can prompt consumer boycotts or lead to regulatory fines, underlining the importance of ESG compliance in modern logistics operations.
The role of technology in greening logistics
So what can businesses do to mitigate ESG challenges? To address ESG challenges, businesses must transition from traditional paper-based systems to advanced technology solutions. These solutions enhance visibility across the entire supply chain, from production to delivery. Distributed order management systems, for instance, offer real-time insight across extended fulfilment networks, enabling the optimised allocation of consumer orders to the most suitable stock sources, balancing cost and speed. In today’s era of stringent ESG and sustainability standards, it’s crucial for organisations to have comprehensive oversight over the movement of goods and the various stakeholders involved, beyond mere timing. This technological shift is essential for meeting the evolving demands of ESG compliance and sustainable logistics.
Actively tracking the credentials and integrity of every checkpoint in the supply chain is now everyone’s problem. Consumers care deeply about the ethical sourcing of raw materials and the labour practices of third-party logistics firms involved in product sourcing. Technology can allow organisations to map the complete movement of a specific customer order, from acquisition to final shipment, and then notify that customer directly.
Organisations then need to implement sustainable practices in the warehouse, leveraging technology to optimise operations. This includes using technology to determine the most efficient customer packaging sizes, reducing waste, and guiding staff on consolidating orders to minimise shipments and cut carbon emissions. Additionally, offering consumers options like click-and-collect can align with their existing plans, promoting sustainability rather than just delivery speed. Providing flexible delivery options is increasingly seen as crucial, as the fastest route is typically not the most eco-friendly.
A sustainable future
As data and computer security threats evolve, we’re now transitioning to increased controls around how our products are made, procured, packaged and shipped to the public. For a variety of reasons, from ethical to legal and public sentiment, ESG considerations and controls are becoming increasingly important in logistics and fulfilment.
Alongside this, the trajectory is for more sales to be made via Direct-to-Consumer channels, the desire for more convenient services and customer willingness to hop brands means that businesses must prioritise sustainable practices. Consumers now expect the ability to customise delivery parameters and choose from transparently-priced options, or they will take their business elsewhere. Brands must manage their order and delivery options effectively to stay competitive.
The key to improving supply chain management lies in adopting sustainable order management and fulfilment technologies. Companies should invest in the latest platforms that support best practices in ESG strategy. These advanced solutions enable compliant processes, cost-efficient operations, increased sales, efficient DTC fulfilment and positive customer experiences.
How AI is turning IoT data into actionable insights in the public sector
By Mark Gannon, Director of Client Solutions at Netcall
The use of IoT devices within the public sector is growing rapidly, presenting opportunities for greater efficiency, cost savings, and vast service improvements among a plethora of other benefits. From transportation, infrastructure and even waste management, the ability to monitor and capture data in a range of critical areas has the power to transform organisations across the sector.
Health and Social Care is one setting where IoT devices can drive real impact by significantly improving the day-to-day lives of vulnerable people. In fact, late last year, it was announced that the Glasgow City Region would receive over £3 million to deliver a Health and Social Care-focused project driven by IoT technologies, as part of wider 5G connectivity funding to make public services better. Remote sensors can be used within social housing to detect and control factors such as damp and mould whilst motion sensors can alert emergency services if a vulnerable resident has fallen – not only helping to provide better care, but enabling care to be delivered more efficiently and rapidly to those that need it.
With public sector spending under constant scrutiny, and wider budget cuts increasingly forcing those operating in the sector to achieve more with less, technology that can easily connect and exchange data from device to system, removing a number of manual workflows and processes, is proving invaluable. Taking that one step further, being able to leverage that data and turn it into actionable insights in the future is fast becoming an exciting reality.
So, what’s holding the public sector back from leveraging IoT devices in this way?
The short answer: Data.
Managing IoT-associated data adds a layer of complexity to those responsible for it. With IoT devices typically uploading data multiple times a day, analysing, and actioning the torrents of data can soon become a mammoth task.
IoT and AI: a winning combination
The application of AI alongside IoT is rapidly being recognised as a key solution to this rising data deluge. Not only can it ease the administrative burden by ensuring the IoT devices and any associated workflows are working effectively, but it can also be used to spot any trends and patterns within the device data. Insights such as these can inform longer-term solutions and decisions whilst also acting as predictive analytics to anticipate the likelihood of certain events occurring in the future.
In the case of Health and Social Care, this could mean predicting the probability of a vulnerable resident having a fall based on previous data gathered and putting preventative measures in place to reduce this. IoT wearables are another rising trend in the healthcare setting and can be used to track vital signs and detect anomalies that may need urgent attention. Meanwhile for social housing, using smart solutions including intelligent automation and IoT can help housing providers significantly reduce their risk management burden. For example, the data gained from IoT sensors in tenant homes can be used to proactively identify damp and mold risks and automate alerts.
Looking at the public sector more broadly, we could also see the combination of AI and IoT optimised services such as traffic management, waste management right through to public safety and even managing air quality. By using AI to analyse and draw insights from IoT devices, the concept of the smart city is much closer than we think. AI can use IoT sensor data alongside cameras already in position to adjust traffic signals, optimise routes and even detect incidents and alert public services. It is also expected to play a key role in managing and reducing public service energy consumption, by monitoring and controlling street lighting and other public infrastructures.
Turning insight into action
Whilst AI can take care of the initial analysis, to truly extract the value from IoT data, public sector organisations must ensure these insights are fed into the right systems and married up with the correct workflows to turn them into action.
Fortunately, with the use of application development tools such as low-code application platforms, organisations can rapidly create processes that utilise IoT and AI-driven data, connecting it to internal as well as third-party systems. These solutions move away from traditional development, which can be costly and time-consuming, and can empower broader teams to rapidly build and develop their own applications using a visual drag-and-drop interface. By doing so, organisations can quickly integrate systems and technologies to access actionable data.
As AI and IoT technology continue to advance, we can expect to see more innovative and impactful use cases in the future. Unlocking the benefits, however, will hinge on having the systems and processes in place to trigger next steps. By leveraging the tools that enable this, public sector organisations can use the data from connected devices to create powerful, proactive and dynamic services that fulfil the growing needs of its customers.
Enhancing sustainable commitments in retail banking
Source: Finance Derivative
Mikko Kähkönen, Head of Payment Cards Portfolio at Giesecke+Devrient
Today, more consumers are keeping environmental pledges from banks at the forefront of their financial decisions, and those banks that fall behind their competitors on sustainable action are risking the loss of customers, particularly among the younger generation. This shift highlights a growing expectation from consumers for their banks to make and uphold sustainable commitments, signalling a change in consumer priorities where environmental responsibility is increasingly seen as essential, not just an optional extra. Giesecke+Devrient research shows that as many as 64% of Gen Z consumers would be happy to switch banks if their current provider didn’t meet their expectations.
However, sustainable commitments must be authentic to avoid any accusations of greenwashing. Unfortunately for the banking sector, consumer trust is being strained as greenwashing incidents have risen by 70% around the world. Banks can’t simply make claims that can’t be backed up; pledges must be supported by evidence. There’s a number of practical steps they can take to prove their credentials.
Banking on the evolution of cards
The bank card has increasingly become a physical symbol of the relationship between consumer and bank. As such, banks have taken steps to ensure that it is designed with sustainability in mind. Many are now created with recycled PVC material, commonly up to 100%, with a lower carbon footprint.
Some banks are elevating their sustainable credentials by utilising cards that are made from plastic collected in oceans and coastal regions, helping to clear up the world’s beaches. Alongside this, others are issuing cards made of polylactic acid sourced from (inedible) corn starch. This is a fully renewable biomass that could be industrially composted.
Sustainable cards can then encourage further sustainable initiatives. We’re more often seeing issuers now actively taking part in local conservation, community development and educational projects around the world to help benefit the planet. Communicating these efforts to customers can help reinforce sustainable credentials and leave tangible evidence that proactive action is taking place.
Contributing to the circular economy
Powering the sustainable credentials of issued cards is one aspect, but it’s also vital that banks encourage their customers to do the right thing with them once they expire and they need to be discarded of. We’re already seeing prominent banks making progress in this area. UK retail bank, Santander, has launched a pilot scheme in branches and ATMs that encourages customers to return their outdated credit and debit cards for recycling, for example.
The collected cards are then turned into plastic pellets to be used elsewhere, for instance to make outdoor furniture, sponsored by Santander, for local communities. As more banks opt for card recycling, consumers will be empowered to dispose of their old or expired cards in a green way and help to reduce ecological footprint.
Into the digital world
Outside of card innovations, retail banks can add to their credible green claims with digital solutions. As an example, the card issuance process has typically involved paper letters, with additional PIN letter, that are posted out to customers to activate their payment cards. Instead, an ePIN service can enable customers to instantly access their PIN via their choice of a mobile app or SMS message, reducing paper waste and waiting times.
There are also innovations taking place in terms of QR codes and augmented reality (AR) solutions to enable digital marketing offerings. This means that printed collateral doesn’t need to physically sent out in the post. The more that these types of communications are sent out digitally, the more that consumers see a tangible commitment to sustainable practices.
Banks can even take an additional step by deploying third-party partners to track the CO2 footprint involved with every purchase or payment. By opting for organisations that have a solid track record in green practices, such as supporting product certifications and information on eco-products and their claims, they can make steps to compensate for each transaction carbon footprint.
Contributing to the green story
To ensure they don’t come under any criticism regarding their environmental claims, banks and financial institutions have the opportunity to adopt sustainable practices that align with their customers’ expectations for eco-friendly commitments in both their physical and digital services. They can introduce banking cards made from recycled or entirely compostable materials, eliminating plastic waste.
Digitally, banks can minimise unnecessary paper use by employing online applications to simplify the process of delivering PINs. By innovating in these domains, they can fulfil their environmental responsibilities and establish that essential trust with consumers, contributing positively to the planet’s wellbeing.